Performance Olds 307
Carburetor & Intakes 2
Understanding The ECM & System
Cold Air Induction
Ignition & Spark
Tuning The Q Jet
Carburetor & Intakes 1
Carburetor & Intakes 2
Intake Manifolds
Great Links
Who's The Man!!!
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This is the second half of the "Carburetor & Intakes" Thumbs up 

Setting the Air Valve tension
The AV is the flap that covers the secondaries of your carb. It opens up when airflow through the secondaries demands it. Decreasing tension on it has 2 main benefits. It allows the air valve to open faster, giving you full power sooner by allowing the secondaries to open fully at lower a lower RPMs on your launch. It also allows the air valve to open more easily with airflow, giving you the possibility to make more total power. It is held shut by 2 things.

First by the choke pull-off diaphragm (which is  a vacume diaphragm on the front pass. side of the carb.) When the engine is running , the choke pull-off keeps the air valve closed by pulling the linkage via the rod that connects from the chock pull off to the air valve. When you go to/near WOT, the choke pull-off pulls out(due to the loss of manifold vacuum) and allows the air valve to open. The pull-off generally releases slowly, slow enough that even with no air valve spring tension you shouldn't get a bog. The rate at which it pulls out is not adjustable with the metal can pull offs our carbs came with. If your car bogs bad going inot WOT then this (choke pull-off) should be the first thing to check, check to see if its getting vacume and if it does not have a leak.  

The air valve is also held shut by spring tension, and that is adjustable. To adjust it, you will need a small allen key (either 3/32 or 5/32, i forget) and a small flat screwdriver. (**note: it is possible that instead of an allen key you will need a small torx bit, but they are rare.)

 1. Look at the pass. side of the carb (with the air cleaner off) Observe the linkage (rod) on the side of the air valve. Through the slot you can see a small flat screw. That's the one you need to adjust.

The set screw is circled in red
Just under the set screw facing downward is the hex screw that locks the set screw, (red arrow)


 2. To adjust it you need to loosen the setscrew, which is on the underside of the lip of the airhorn. The setscrew is where the allen/torx bit comes into play. Loosen it only enough that you can turn the adjusting screw.

 3.  Turn the adjusting screw counter-clockwise until the air valve flops open on its own. Now slowly turn it clockwise until the air valve  just shuts. That is 0 tension. If you were setting it to factory specs you would then proceed to turn it down the specified turns (usually 1/2-1 turn). Instead, tighten the setscrew and go drive.(**note: You may have to hold the air valve rod to the choke pull-off out of the way while you adjust the tension. You can also remove the choke pull-off, but that is really excessive. If you exercise some common sense, it isn't hard to figure out how to hold everything.)

 4. With your car fully warmed up, come to a stop and then nail it. Did it bog? If it didn't, consider yourself done. If it did, be sure your choke pull-off is working properly. If it is bad, it could cause you problems too.  you can increase the air valve tension until the bog goes away. Go in 1/8 turn increments at a time, and stop when the bog goes away. Do not increase the tension to over 1 turn down or you will permanently distort the spring.

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Secondaries Not Opening is somewhat common for the 307s. The secondaries are locked shut on a cold engine and the choke's system is what controls this action. I have found that alot of 307s have the choke adjusted too tight and this causes the secondaries to not open intill the engine gets really warm, sometimes in cool weather they might not ever open because the engine will not get warm enough for the choke to release the secondaries. If this happens to you then you might want to adjust the choke alittle looser but if you cant even stand the lockout messing with you ( like me ) then you can bypass this all together so that the secondaries will open anytime the peddle is floored, but there is one side effect to this, if the engine is floored while the engine is still cold it may bog real bad so its best to give the engine alittle running time before going WOT usaly 10 minutes is good enough. If you want to bypass the chocks control over the secondaries so that they will always open no matter what then just follow these instructions
 1. Follow the secondary throttle shaft (the one on the bottom base of the carb) to the passiger side of the car and look down at the bottom of the carb were the secondary shaft comes out the carbs base and you will see this little tang (lever) hanging next to the shafts end with a little pin going right through the secondary throttle shaft, that locks the secondaries from opening while the engine is still cold. 
 2.What we are going to do is bend the pin (that goes through the shaft) out of the way using some needle nose plyers so that it will never catch the tang (lever) and lock out the secondaries (best if bent toward the passinger side front wheel).
 3. After bending the pin out the way then just be carfull not to floor it while still cold or your engine will stumble, bog and may even stall if its ice cold.

Arrow The EGR discharge tubes that are located just under the carburetor primary barrels block flow from the primary bores and make it hard for the front 4 cylinders to pull some extra charge from the secondaries under WOT, on the bottom of this article is a picture of these discharge tubes. If you take your carb off of the intake and look into the primary bores of the intake you will see the discharge tubes standing like towers right in the middle of the bores. If you like using your EGR and are not planing on getting rid of it but dont like the discharge tubes blocking the flow in your intake then you can cut the discharge tubes short by removing them with a deep well socket and cutting them down to the hex base of the tubes, this will not effect emissions or your ECM. If you do not or are not going to use a EGR then you can remove the discharge tubes all together with a deep well socket and fill the holes they left behind on the planium of the intake with really large allen head bolts flush with the bottom of the intake planium or regular hex bolts but make sure you find something to take the tubes place so flow could be maximized. NOW! I bet you are wondering if I noticed a increase in power so I will tell you like it is, I noticed more power on part throttle with power accuring with less peddle then before I did this job with a slightly deeper intake sound, I guess due to better flowing primaries. On full throttle (WOT) I noticed slightly better power off the line, at 3000 RPMs when my engine climbs into its powerband it climbed into its meat of the powerband with more swing and pulls into it faster, the top end ( 4000rpm's and above ) seems to be better flowing but not anything to brag about for sure, So basicly it improved my "bottom of the powerband-Mid range" enough that I would think I would notice it on a drag, this modification won't make a hot rod out of a sled but will help build a overall good package and is worth just a few horses and only take a few minutes of your time. This will make your car a little faster Note: notice I said a little faster but every little bit makes a hot package.

The red arrows point at the EGR discharge tubes

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